Behroozi et al. (2010) Composite Model

This section of the documentation describes the basic behavior of the behroozi10 composite subhalo model. To see how this composite model is built by the PrebuiltSubhaloModelFactory class, see behroozi10_model_dictionary.

Overview of the Behroozi et al. (2010) Model Features

This subhalo-based model is an implementation of Behroozi et al. (2010), arXiv:1001.0015. There is a one-to-one mapping between stellar mass and subhalo mass governed by a parameterized form for the stellar-to-halo-mass relation (SMHM). The class where the SMHM behavior is defined is Behroozi10SmHm.

Building the Behroozi et al. (2010) Model

You can build an instance of this model using the PrebuiltSubhaloModelFactory class as follows:

>>> from halotools.empirical_models import PrebuiltSubhaloModelFactory
>>> model = PrebuiltSubhaloModelFactory('behroozi10')

Customizing the Behroozi et al. (2010) Model

There are several keyword arguments you can use to customize the instance returned by the factory:

First, the redshift keyword argument must be set to the redshift of the halo catalog you might populate with this model.

>>> model = PrebuiltSubhaloModelFactory('behroozi10', redshift = 2)

It is not permissible to dynamically change the redshift of the behroozi10 composite model instance. If you want to explore the model variations with redshift, you should instantiate multiple models. Or, alternatively, if you only want to study the underlying analytical SMHM relation, and not populate mocks, you can just build an instance of the Behroozi10SmHm component model class without specifying a redshift, in which case you can call the methods of the Behroozi10SmHm instance for any redshift.

Second, the prim_haloprop_key keyword argument allows you to choose which subhalo property regulates mean stellar mass. In principle, you can choose any column name in the halo catalog you will be populating, but this key should be a mass-like variable in order to get sensible results, e.g., halo_mpeak, halo_macc, etc. It is not permissible to dynamically change the prim_haloprop_key of the behroozi10 composite model instance. If you want to explore the effects of choosing different halo properties, you should instantiate multiple models.

Finally, you can choose how stochasticity between halo and stellar mass is modeled with the scatter_abscissa and scatter_ordinates keywords. These arguments determine the level of scatter in stellar mass, given in dex. The abscissa serve as control points and the ordinates the values of the scatter at those control points. So, for example, if you wanted to have 0.3 dex of scatter at \(M_{\rm halo} = 10^{12}M_{\odot}\) and 0.1 dex of scatter at \(M_{\rm halo} = 10^{15}M_{\odot}\):

>>> model = PrebuiltSubhaloModelFactory('behroozi10', scatter_abscissa = [1e12, 1e15], scatter_ordinates = [0.3, 0.1])

For constant scatter, use a one-element python list. It is not permissible to dynamically change the abscissa after instantiation, though you can vary the ordinates by changing the appropriate values in the param_dict. For example, in the above model, the following line will change the scatter to 0.2 dex in \(M_{\rm halo} = 10^{12}M_{\odot}\) halos:

>>> model.param_dict['scatter_model_param1'] = 0.2

Populating Mocks and Generating Behroozi et al. (2010) Model Predictions

As with any Halotools composite model, the model instance can populate N-body simulations with mock galaxy catalogs. In the following, we’ll show how to do this with fake simulation data via the halocat argument.

>>> from halotools.sim_manager import FakeSim
>>> halocat = FakeSim()
>>> model = PrebuiltSubhaloModelFactory('behroozi10')
>>> model.populate_mock(halocat)  

See ModelFactory.populate_mock for information about how to populate your model into different simulations. See Tutorials on analyzing galaxy catalogs for a sequence of worked examples on how to use the mock_observables sub-package to study a wide range of astronomical statistics predicted by your model.

Studying the Behroozi et al. (2010) Model Features

In addition to populating mocks, the behroozi10 model also gives you access to its underlying analytical relations. Here are a few examples:

>>> import numpy as np
>>> halo_mass = np.logspace(11, 15, 100)

To compute the mean stellar mass as a function of halo mass:

>>> mean_sm = model.mean_stellar_mass(prim_haloprop = halo_mass)

Parameters of the Behroozi et al. (2010) model

The best way to learn what the parameters of a model do is to just play with the code: change parameter values, make plots of how the underying analytical relations vary, and also of how the mock observables vary. Here we just give a simple description of the meaning of each parameter. You can also refer to the original Behroozi et al. (2010) publication, arXiv:1001.0015, for further details.

To see how the following parameters are implemented, see Behroozi10SmHm.mean_stellar_mass.

  • param_dict[‘smhm_m0_0’] - Characteristic stellar mass at redshift-zero in the \(\langle M_{\ast} \rangle(M_{\rm halo})\) map.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_m0_a’] - Redshift evolution of the characteristic stellar mass.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_m1_0’] - Characteristic halo mass at redshift-zero in the \(\langle M_{\ast} \rangle(M_{\rm halo})\) map.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_m1_a’] - Redshift evolution of the characteristic halo mass.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_beta_0’] - Low-mass slope at redshift-zero of the \(\langle M_{\ast} \rangle(M_{\rm halo})\) map.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_beta_a’] - Redshift evolution of the low-mass slope.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_delta_0’] - High-mass slope at redshift-zero of the \(\langle M_{\ast} \rangle(M_{\rm halo})\) map.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_delta_a’] - Redshift evolution of the high-mass slope.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_gamma_0’] - Transition between low- and high-mass behavior at redshift-zero of the \(\langle M_{\ast} \rangle(M_{\rm halo})\) map.
  • param_dict[‘smhm_gamma_a’] - Redshift evolution of the transition.
  • param_dict[‘u’scatter_model_param1’] - Log-normal scatter in the stellar-to-halo mass relation.